One of the advantages of predetermined overhead rate is that businesses can use it to help with closing their books more quickly. This is because using this rate allows them to avoid compiling actual overhead costs as part of their closing process. Nonetheless, it is still essential for businesses to reconcile the difference between the actual overhead and the estimated overhead at the end of their fiscal year. Take, for instance, a manufacturing company that produces gadgets; the production process of the gadgets would require raw material inputs and direct labor. These two factors would definitely make up part of the cost of producing each gadget.
These costs cannot be easily traced back to specific products or services and are typically fixed in nature. For example, the recipe for shea butter has easily identifiable quantities of shea nuts and other ingredients. Based on the manufacturing process, it is also easy to determine the direct labor cost.
Examples of Predetermined Overhead Rate
A predetermined overhead rate is calculated at the start of the accounting period by dividing the estimated manufacturing overhead by the estimated activity base. The predetermined overhead rate is then applied to production to facilitate determining a standard cost for a product. Let us take the example predetermined overhead rate of ort GHJ Ltd which has prepared the budget for next year. The company estimates a gross profit of $100 million on total estimated revenue of $250 million. As per the budget, direct labor cost and raw material cost for the period is expected to be $40 million and $60 million respectively.
In this article, we will discuss the formula for predetermined overhead rate and how to calculate it. By understanding how to calculate this rate, business owners can better control their overhead costs and make more informed pricing decisions. To calculate the predetermined overhead rate, we will take into account the variable and fixed cost, as well as the direct machine hours since the allocation base https://www.bookstime.com/ we are using, is the machine hours. After determining the manufacturing overhead cost and the allocation base, the last step in finding the predetermined overhead rate is to divide the manufacturing overhead cost by the allocation base. Of course, management also has to price the product to cover the direct costs involved in the production, including direct labor, electricity, and raw materials.
Predetermined overhead rate definition
For instance, if the activity base is machine hours, you calculate predetermined overhead rate by dividing the overhead costs by the estimated number of machine hours. This is calculated at the start of the accounting period and applied to production to facilitate determining a standard cost for a product. The predetermined overhead rate is a per-unit allocation rate used to assign indirect costs. It uses the total estimated overhead costs for a period and divides them by the expected production units. Consequently, it provides rates companies can apply to every product or service produced.
Using departments as cost pools, we can allocate manufacturing overhead for each department using whatever driver makes sense for that cost pool. This predetermined overhead rate can also be used to help the marketing agency estimate its margin on a project. Then, they’ll need to estimate the amount of activity or work that will be performed in that same time period.