For Example, This document captures the various activities performed as part of Testing the ‘XYZ’ online travel company application. Test coverage ensures that all critical aspects of the software have been thoroughly tested, minimizing the risk of undiscovered defects. Test report is a communication tool between the Test Manager and the stakeholder.

One should include information such as the count of the executed test cases, the pertinent data of passed and failed tests, the pass/fail percentage, and comments. A team can present this information more finely using visual representations such as tables, charts, graphs, and color indications. While such summaries should all include the same basic information necessary for the target audience, there’s no formula for test reports. Testers can add or subtract data as needed to fulfill the test report’s objective. Here are four major components that every tester should include when writing a test report.

Describe the significance of certain trends, anomalies, or critical defects found during testing. The context helps stakeholders understand the implications of the presented data and supports informed decision-making. The defect summary section helps stakeholders understand the software’s overall quality by highlighting defects’ presence and status, enabling effective issue management and resolution. On the other hand, areas with a high success rate may require fewer resources, allowing them to be reallocated to other critical parts of the project.

That depends on the mix of stakeholders using it as well as the sophistication of the team. The second is the final test summary report to provide the final test results. A helpful tip is to have a centralized location for all test environment information, making it simple to document and share. This was performed to ensure that the entire application, integrated with all other functionalities, works as expected as intended without any errors. Several modules like Registration, Booking, Payment, and Reports are integrated to fulfill the purpose. Now that we have learned about Test Summary reports, let us try to create a sample test report.

Defining the scope of automation

If the team implements this phase diligently within the timelines, the test analysis report and feedback will be handy in the entire Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). Each of the test reports must include sufficient artifacts like logs, network traffic (HAR Files), screenshots, video recording, and other relevant data to help the reviewer make data-driven decisions. The benefits of collaborative test reporting extend beyond effective communication. It leads to better decision-making by incorporating diverse perspectives and insights from various stakeholders.

test report meaning

Test analysis report alerts the stakeholders about the current situation and possible risks about the product. Good test reporting provides valuable insights and feedback on the overall health of the product and enables teams to identify ways to improve it. Using the information provided in the test report can help the stakeholders decide whether to release the product or not. With time, Software Test reporting has become comprehensive, reliable, and a bit more sophisticated than in the traditional waterfall development era.

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Due to this step, all members can get an overview of the testing cycle, which enables them to conclude about the ways to improve further. The testing team should generate the test report ideally at the end of the testing cycle. The motive behind this time selection is that the team should be able to include information about the regression tests.

test report in software testing

As a result, the test summary report becomes an invaluable tool for ensuring that resources are utilized optimally, promoting cost-effectiveness, and enhancing overall project efficiency. IBM Rational Performance Tester helps software testing teams test earlier and more frequently as part of a DevOps approach. However, for larger systems, tools are frequently used to automate tasks. Automated testing helps teams implement different scenarios, test differentiators (such as moving components into a cloud environment), and quickly get feedback on what works and what doesn’t.

Details are important, but test report writers also need to consider security and compliance when they share information regarding an application’s code. The writer should assume the target audience generally understands the test system; this isn’t the place to reveal details about an app’s servers and code storage. Leveraging HeadSpin’s comprehensive solution with no-code automation capabilities, in collaboration with top-notch test reporting tools, amplifies the effectiveness of your testing efforts.

test report in software testing

This report comprises information such as the total count of bugs the team has handled during the testing and the current status of these bugs (such as open, closed, and resolved). You have to include information about what the testing team has tested and how this team has tested the specific area. Further, you have to mention the testing approaches of the team and the details of the various steps. This section consists of the testing areas of the software application that the testing team did not include.

Test Report is a document which contains a summary of all test activities and final test results of a testing project. Based on the test report, stakeholders can evaluate the quality of the tested product and make a decision on the software release. Tools and technologies that enable real-time reporting include test automation frameworks and continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines. Automated tests integrated into the CI/CD pipeline can trigger test executions and generate reports automatically. These reports can be made available to stakeholders in real time, providing immediate visibility into the health of the application.

For a real-world example of an effective Test Summary report, check out this example of a test summary report generated by TestRail. Exit criteria outline the conditions to meet before testing is complete to ensure that all aspects of the software have been thoroughly tested and the product is ready for distribution. This section captures whether the Testing team gives a Green Signal for the application to Go Live and if the Exit Criteria were fulfilled. In that case, the relevant areas of concern can be highlighted and the decision can be left further with the Senior Management and other stakeholders if the application can Go Live or not. In the below chart, we have captured the total no of cases that were planned, the no of cases that were executed, the no of passed and failed cases, the no of defects identified, etc. Test Metrics help us to understand the test execution results, status of the cases as well as defects, etc.

test report in software testing

Again, there’s no set rule for how this information is included on a test report. Once the test summary reports are designed, it is essential to share them with the stakeholders and clients and the team. With the test summary report, the team members will get an overview of the entire testing cycle which will help them in improving further.

Through the test report, the stakeholder can understand the project situation, the quality of product and other things. For example, if the test report informs that there are many defects remaining in the product, stakeholders can delay the release until all the defects are fixed. IBM Rational Test Virtualization Server software enables early and frequent testing in the development lifecycle. Few can argue against the need for quality control when developing software. Late delivery or software defects can damage a brand’s reputation — leading to frustrated and lost customers.

In this step, let’s briefly capture an overview of the application tested. The problem is you ignored the reporting & evaluation phase in Test Management. They just trusted what you said and released the website without knowing its testing performance.